ESXi 5.5 and Teaming on Cisco Switches (VLANs)

Posted in ESX, Networking on November 22nd, 2016 by termina

 

Create a basic port channel


interface Port-channel1
description ESX Port Channel
switchport mode trunk

interface GigabitEthernet0/8
description ESX team
channel-group 1 mode on
spanning-tree portfast trunk

interface GigabitEthernet0/9
description ESX team
channel-group 1 mode on
spanning-tree portfast trunk

Configure NIC teaming (Configuration – Network – Properties – vSwitch Properties) with the following settings


Load Balancing: Route based on IP address

Network Failover Detection: Link status only

Notify Switche: Yes

Failback: No

 

When you’re happy with the results, update your Management network settings to use NIC teaming as well.

 

RHCS ESXi 5.1 Fencing

Posted in Clusters, ESX on November 6th, 2014 by termina

Turns out that using the “free” version of ESXi 5.1 does not work with RHCS fencing due to SOAP limitations.

Place the following file in /usr/sbin/fence_esxi and chmod a+x /usr/sbin/fence_esxi

Make sure to install paramiko (yum install python-paramiko)

#!/usr/bin/python

import paramiko
import sys
import time
import datetime
import re
sys.path.append("/usr/share/fence")
from fencing import *

device_opt = [  "help", "version", "agent", "quiet", "verbose", "debug", "action", "ipaddr", "login", "passwd", "passwd_script", "ssl", "port", "uuid", "separator", "ipport", "power_timeout", "shell_timeout", "login_timeout", "power_wait" ]

options = check_input(device_opt, process_input(device_opt))

f = open("/var/log/cluster/fence_esxi.log","w+")
ts = time.time()
st = datetime.datetime.fromtimestamp(ts).strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')
f.write(st + " starting fencing.\n")
f.write("-n " + options["-n"] + "\n")
f.write("-a " + options["-a"] + "\n")
f.write("-l " + options["-l"] + "\n")
f.write("-p " + options["-p"] + "\n")

client = paramiko.SSHClient()
client.load_system_host_keys()
client.connect(options["-a"],username=options["-l"],password=options["-p"])

command="esxcli vm process list | grep ^" + options["-n"]  + " -A 1 | tail -n 1 | sed \'s/  */ /g\' | cut -d \" \" -f 4"

f.write("Cmd: " + command + "\n")

stdin, stdout, stderr = client.exec_command(command)
while not stdout.channel.exit_status_ready():
        f.write("Waiting for command to finish... \n")
        time.sleep(2)

wwid = stdout.read()
f.write("wwid: " + wwid + "\n")

if len(wwid) < 2:
	f.write("VM not found or alread offline \n")
	client.close()
	sys.exit(1)

f.write("VM found \n")
command="esxcli vm process kill --type=soft --world-id=" + wwid
f.write("Cmd: " + command + "\n")

stdin, stdout, stderr = client.exec_command(command)
while not stdout.channel.exit_status_ready():
        f.write("Waiting for command to finish... \n")
        time.sleep(2)

#Give the VM some time to shut down gracefully
time.sleep(30)
f.write("Waited 30 seconds \n")

command="vm-support -V | grep centos | cut -d \"(\" -f 2 | cut -d \")\" -f 1"
f.write("Cmd: " + command + "\n")

stdin, stdout, stderr = client.exec_command(command)
while not stdout.channel.exit_status_ready():
        f.write("Waiting for command to finish... \n")
        time.sleep(2)

status = stdout.read()
f.write("VM Status: " + status + "\n")
sregex = re.compile('Running')

if sregex.search(status):
	f.write("VM still running, hard kill required \n")
	command="esxcli vm process kill --type=hard --world-id=" + wwid
	f.write("Cmd: " + command + "\n")
	stdin, stdout, stderr = client.exec_command(command)
	while not stdout.channel.exit_status_ready():
	        f.write("Waiting for command to finish... \n")
	        time.sleep(2)

	time.sleep(30)
else:
	f.write("VM successfully soft killed \n")

#Get VM info while powered off
command="vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms | grep " + options["-n"] + " | sed 's/  */ /g' | cut -d \" \" -f 1"
f.write("Cmd: " + command + "\n")
stdin, stdout, stderr = client.exec_command(command)
while not stdout.channel.exit_status_ready():
        f.write("Waiting for command to finish... \n")
        time.sleep(2)

vmid = stdout.read()

#Start VM back up
command="vim-cmd vmsvc/power.on " + vmid
f.write("Cmd: " + command + "\n")
stdin, stdout, stderr = client.exec_command(command)

while not stdout.channel.exit_status_ready():
	f.write("Waiting for command to finish... \n")
	time.sleep(2)

f.write("fence_esxi exiting...")
f.close()
client.close()
sys.exit(0)

In your cluster.conf you would then have something like the following. Make sure to enable SSH on your ESXi hosts


<fence>
<method name="fence-cluster1">
<device name="esx1" port="centos-cluster1" ssl="on" />
</method>
</fence>

<fencedevices>
<fencedevice agent=”fence_esxi” ipaddr=”esx2.FQDN.com” login=”root” name=”esx2″ passwd=”YOURPASSWORDHERE” delay=”60″ />
</fencedevices>

ESXi 5.5 iSCSI MTU

Posted in ESX on March 12th, 2014 by termina

Get list of networks/MTUs


esxcfg-vmknic --list

Set MTU


esxcfg-vmknic --mtu 9000 "Management Network"
esxcfg-vmknic --mtu 9000 "iscsi-name"